Kitchen Exhaust Fans

NFPA 96 Ventilation Standard provides the minimum fire safety requirements related to the design, installation, operation, inspection, and maintenance of all public and private cooking operations except for single family residential usage. The requirements include, but are not limited to, all manner of cooking equipment, exhaust hoods, grease removal devices, exhaust ductwork, exhaust fans, dampers, fire extinguishing equipment and all other components or systems that are involved in the capture, containment and control of grease-laden cooking residue. The provisions of this standard are considered necessary to provide a reasonable level of protection from loss of life and property from fire and explosion. This standard is intended to be applied as a whole.

Standard for Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations not provide safe design and operation if parts of it are not enforced or are arbitrarily deleted in any applications. The authority having jurisdiction shall determine compliance with this standard an d authorize any deviations from it in all applications.

Cooking equipment that produces smoke or greaseladen vapors shall be equipped with an exhaust system that complies with all the equipment and performance requirements of this standard. All such equipment and performance also needs to be maintained per the requirements of this standard during all periods of operation. Specifically, the cooking equipment, hoods, ducts, fans, fire suppression systems and special grease collection or energy control equipment are to be kept in good working condition.

Airflows throughout all components of the system must be maintained at intervals necessary to keep the operating conditions of the equipment at the proper levels. All interior surfaces of the exhaust system shall be reasonably accessible for cleaning and inspection purposes. Except where enclosures are required, hoods, grease removal devices, exhaust fans, and ducts shall have a clearance of at least 18 inches to combustible material, 3 inches to limited combustible material and 0 inches to non-combustible material. (See Fig. 1a – 1e.) This is only a guideline and there are several exceptions to these.

Ultimately, the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ) has the final say in the acceptance or rejection of the installation. In the event of a fire within the exhaust system, the system must be inspected by qualified personnel and approved by the AHJ to determine whether the system is structurally sound, capable of maintaining their fire protection function, and suitable for continued operation. Clearances can be reduced by the installation of field applied or factory built grease duct enclosures. These must demonstrate that they provide sufficient mechanical and structural integrity, resiliency and stability when subjected to expected building environmental conditions, duct movement under general operating, and fire conditions. A drawing of the exhaust system installation along with a copy of operating instructions for subassemblies and components used in the exhaust system, including electrical schematics, shall be available on the premises.

Upblast fans with the motors surrounded by the airstream shall be hinged, supplied with a flexible weatherproof electrical cable and a hold open retainer for servicing and cleaning, and be listed for this use. Inline fans shall have the motor located outside of the airstream and have the belts and pulleys protected from the airstream by a greasetight housing. The fan must be securely bolted to the flanges of the exhaust duct using stainless steel bolts, nuts, lock washers and gasketing rated for 1500o F. Flexible connectors are not be used. If the design or positioning of the fan allows grease to be trapped, a grease drain directed to an accessible grease receptacle, not exceeding 1 gal, must be supplied.

Inline fans shall be located in an easily accessible area to allow for service and removal. Utility set exhaust fans, if installed at the rooftop termination point, shall meet the requirements for rooftop termination installations. If the fan is installed in a building, it shall be accessible for service and removal. The fan must be connected with flanges to the exhaust duct and securely bolted. Fans shall have a drain directed to a grease receptacle.

The air velocity through a duct may not be less than 1500 feet per minute. Exhaust air volumes for hoods must be of a sufficient level to provide for the capture and removal of the grease-laden cooking vapors. The exhaust system in a hood must continue to operate after the extinguishing system has been activated unless a fan shutdown is required by a listed component in the ventilation system or by the design of the extinguishing system. It shall not be required to restart the hood exhaust fan when the extinguishing system is activated if the exhaust fan and all cooking equipment served by the fan had previously been shut down. Master kitchen exhaust ducts that serve multiple tenants shall include provisions to bleed air from the outdoors or adjacent spaces into the master exhaust duct in order to maintain the minimum air velocity required in the master duct. This bleed air duct shall connect to the top or side of the master exhaust duct and have a fire damper at least 12 inches from the exhaust duct connection. The damper must be adjustable in order to regulate the volume of air into the master duct. A bleed air duct shall not be used for the exhaust of greaseladen vapors. Unused tenant exhaust connections into the master exhaust duct that are not being used as bleed air connections are to be disconnected and sealed.

Learn How to Build Kitchen Cabinets from Scratch

If you have ever dreamt of building kitchen cabinets by yourself then now you can make it come true. It is quite easy to build kitchen cabinets from scratch, if you really know what you are doing. Following a few simple steps and by considering a few tips you can easily build the project. Though large number of people prefer buying it from large hardware stores but it is always better to get it built in the way and in the style and design you like. But this again depends on the comfort level you’d like to have and on how skilled you are.

Below are a few steps to follow:

You can have a perfect kitchen by choosing a contemporary central theme.

After deciding the theme of the kitchen start taking the measurements.

Prefer to get it prepared so that you can have exactly what you have been looking for.

Going for the unassembled one is also a good option. This won’t just help you in saving lots of money but at the same time will also make the job easy. You just have to open the box and read the instructions.

After that follow them and nail or glue the cabinets and then install them at proper places.

But if you are someone thinking How to Build Kitchen Cabinets from Scratch then would need more efforts. For this, you would need to get the design and the wood you want. After that you need have to install everything. This method requires a great amount of skill.

Home Staging Ideas Updating The Kitchen

Creating a stylish kitchen has turned into a costly American obsession, with the average remodel costing tens of thousands of dollars. For the majority of us dealing with a slowing economy, a credit crunch and rising gas prices, the idea of a pricey kitchen remodel might not be at our list these days. That doesnt mean you have to live with the kitchen you have until the limping economy bounces back. There are home staging ideas costing $200 or less that can still help transform your current kitchen that well present well on the market.

Step 1
Paint. If you have a small budget and want to make a big impact, wall color will do it. For the cost of a few gallons of paint, you can easily change the look and feel of your kitchen. Remember while selling your home it is crucial that you use bright and neutral colors. You are trying to sell your house and not your personality. Dutch Boy offers a new Refreshing paint with exclusive Arm & Hammer odor-eliminating technology that actually removes common household airborne odors, making it ideal for the kitchen.

Step 2
Hardware. Have your kitchen cabinets seen there last day? Cabinets can easily be brought back to life with a coat of primer and paint, and so can out dated cabinet hardware. If youre willing to a little work and purchase an inexpensive can of spray paint, you can transform any handle or knob into a new one. There are a variety of metallic spray paints available such as chrome, copper, brass and satin nickel that mimic the look of these expensive finishes. Buying brand new hardware can cost anywhere from a couple of hundred dollars to a couple of thousand, (depending on the quality).

Step 3
Backsplash. The kitchen backsplash can easily serve as the focal point of a kitchen, if its done with care.

A contractors cost to install an average-sized kitchen backsplash can run upwards of $1000 for labor alone. Rather than using tile, consider installing pressed tin ceiling tiles. Apply adhesive found at your local home improvement store to the backs of the tiles and simply press them onto the wall behind the stove or sink. You can also create the illusion of an expensive backsplash by using self-adhesive linoleum floor tiles that look like stone or marble.

Step 4
Sink and Faucet. Replacing an old, scratched sink is easier and cheaper than you might think. While real porcelain might be out of your budget, many stainless steel and acrylic options can be purchased for less than $100 .While youre at it, dont forget about updating the faucet.

Step 5
Lighting. It might not be the first thing you think of when updating a kitchen, but updating existing lighting fixtures is a simple way to add style without spending a lot of money. Changing out old ceiling fans and light covers is an easy step in preparing a kitchen for sale. For about $50, you might also want to consider adding under-cabinet lighting fixtures that plug directly into existing electrical outlets and mount to the underside of your cabinets.

Let us take a look at 7 of the most popular kitchen
countertop materials being used today:

Granite – A natural stone, granite is a popular choice for its classic beauty and longevity. Granite is the densest of the natural stones. It can create a kitchen countertop that is extremely scratch resistant and can keep its shine longer than most materials.

Marble Another natural stone, marble is considered to be the height of elegance and will last longer than most kitchens. It is however very expensive and requires some maintenance: acidic foods such as limejuice will etch the finished surface of a marble kitchen countertop.

Slate Because of it richness and beauty slate is usually used in interior applications such as kitchen countertops, bathroom sinks or fireplace surrounds. It can be used in either modern or traditional kitchens as well as in combination with marble. Slate is durable, strong, and can withstand hard use. It is also less expensive than marble and granite.

Concrete This is one of the biggest trends in kitchen countertops today. It is a good look for clean, industrial and contemporary kitchen designs. Available in pre formed sections or poured and formed on-site. Concrete kitchen countertops are expensive, require a sealant and must be treated with care. The countertop can crack if the concrete should contract. Concrete can be stained any color. The most popular color is a natural gray tone. The top layer can be finished as desired.

Corian A solid surface material that first became popular in the nineties, it is highly recommended by kitchen countertop experts. It is a totally manmade product and is not porous. As a solid surface it can easily be repaired if scratched or burned.

Stainless Steel Advantages include very hygienic, easy to clean, having ability to stand up to extreme wear and heat. Stainless steel can provide a great look for an ultra modern kitchen. Some disadvantages with stainless is that it can be noisy and that scratches can develop.

Tile Tile surfaces can be tough, hardwearing, takes hot pans, heat and stain resistant as well as beautiful. There are many types of tiles including ceramic, porcelain, quarry, glass, natural stone and mosaic, which are available in many colors, sizes and textures. Tile can often be used for trim or backsplashes. The downside of tile is that the grouts can be easily stained. Also the tiles can become chipped or cracked.

Built-in House Appliances That makes Your Kitchen Look Sharp

Kitchen appliances can make the kitchen appear wonderful. Many amazing built-in appliances exist out there. These appliances mainly come in the form of wonderful packages that are in tandem with the changing world of improving technology. Cookers and ovens are some of the appliances that you cant do without. For many years, it was unheard of for a kitchen to have built-in appliances.

A real shine has illuminated the kitchen and the world of catering has taken a new dimension. These days, everybody wants to have what is popularly known as the integrated kitchen. It looks neater and everything seems to be in the right place. If you dont have some built-in appliances in your kitchen, then you are missing out on flexibility and enhanced functionality of your appliances.

Some people think that things become difficult when you have a built-in appliance, that you have to call an engineer everytime you want it fixed when it gets damaged. This is true but there is another untold side of the story. For instance, you have to bear in mind that there is a very remote likelihood of your built-in cooker getting damaged when it is always in the same position.

In a family where there are many kids, it is very easy for things to get rather messy when microwaves are in a free standing position. There is high possibility that kids are going to tamper with them, play around with them and basically destroy them. As if that is not enough, they may even injure themselves. In short, a free standing appliance is more of a hazard than a kitchen utility.

When properly designed, the options are endless for a family in need for various options. Some appliances that dont have to be exposed to the public can be positioned in the farthest corner to avoid them becoming an obstacle. A built-in dish washer does not make the kitchen look glamorous. For this reason, it should be positioned in a rather concealed positioned. This is a good way of designing the layout of your kitchen. Dryers and freezers may literally occupy any position in the kitchen.

There are simply no limits to the extent of attractiveness that can be brought into the kitchen through proper positioning of appliances. In order to reduce noise, those appliances that may easily become a nuisance ought to be positioned in such a way that noise levels are kept at all-time low levels. Designing or installing an enclosure for such items might bin the kitchen.

Personal preferences always determine where various items ought to be kept. This sometimes brings about disagreements in the home, with every member of the family preferring one position and not the other. Fundamental principles of efficiency should determine positioning decisions. For instance, ovens ought to be installed near the exit door although this will depend on availability of space. Another place is ideal for an oven is underneath the counter. Modern induction hobs should easily fit in with the working surface.

How to Choose a Kitchen Worktop

It’s always great to look at the variety of worktops and what the advantages of them are. In this article we will like to look into 3 worktops and see how they compare with one another.

Stainless steel

When looking at a worktops it’s good to think about the use and the environment around it. If you have young children then you are more likely to take something more resistant.
Stainless steel is ideal for our OCD driven hygiene freaks. Its a great surface which can be cleaned very easily. The worktop is hard and the best thing is the easiness of the clean. Stainless steel does however scratch across time but none can deny it looks really good.

Hardwood

Best used: Always best used for our chefs and cooking maniacs. Its ideal for cooking purposes. Also if bought with water resistant quality then can become very handy in and around sinks and areas which deal with oil.

Best look: Best thing is it suits all kitchens. It looks greatif mixed with a few materials such as glass or stainless steel.

Upkeep: Maintenance of this is slightly harder. If something spills you have to be pretty quick to clean up otherwise it may leave a stain.
Sealing required: These hardwoods need to be painted with a special oil to start with and then one coat every month at least. This has to become a habbit otherwise you can say good bye to your hardwood.

Durability: Hardwoods can last a long time but you will have to apply that oil. Also dont use it as a chopping board or put a hot pan on it. These surfaces can get scorched very easily.

Flexibility and fitting: The best thing about hardwood is its flexibility to fit perfectly in any shape. Make sure the carpenter is correct though.

Granite

Best used: Used on surface worktops. The shiny glossy look has proved very popular in recent times.
Best look: Its a granite worktopsat its best. It suits every look, call it modern or traditional. The worktop has been described as timeless.
Upkeep: Maintenance out of all the surfaces is the best. Get a damp cloth and wipe away. Its that simple.
Sealing required: You would apply a sealer first time when putting it on and another one after 10 years.
Durability: Out of all the surfaces it is the best in durability. It can with stand heat and is water resistant. Wine and citrus must be wiped away at once though.
Flexibility and fitting: Granite again is very flexible. It is cut very easily into any shape or size.

Meaning Of Kitchen Design Layout

In the yester years people did not give importance to the kitchen area, things have changed now as humans today are focusing on building a modern kitchen in every home. A functional and a well designed kitchen is part of every dream house that humans want today. Whatever the reason that you want your cooking area to be renovated redesign it with keeping other people in mind. The kitchen appliance and equipment make a crucial part of your decision. Entertaining guests and having a family time together would be immaterial without a well built kitchen. One of the must visit places which will help you make the choice simpler is the Toronto appliances. The culinary skills of a chef or a homeowner come to a standstill without a functional and well designed kitchen. Avoid these major pitfalls before renovating the kitchen area or building one in the first place.

From my experience, all my friends have placed a lot of emphasis on the kitchen triangle; however it didn’t work for me as with a spacious kitchen it seemed like a waste of space. With kids around there had to be better organization than the traditional kitchen triangle. Instead shift your focus on the home appliances and fixtures and build work stations revolving it. The work stations work wonders in the kitchen compared to the triangle. A well built kitchen reflects a lot on the personality of the person. So having a well designed kitchen is an asset today for a better future as a family and for entertaining guests. Always keep one thing in mind that guests and other persons are going to use the kitchen along with you. Avoid the clutter and if there is a possibility of a wedding on the cards building a dream kitchen is going to be even more fun. If you can afford a spacious cooking area don’t settle for less and enjoy every moment of cooking you spend in the kitchen.

With the change in time every person has become career oriented person, time is very important for them. They hardly get time to do their household work, with kids around the matter becomes little more difficult. It’s always safe to keep all the glasses, cups, pots and pans & all the kitchen gadgetry in storage spaces. If a person has ample space to store things then all the unnecessary stuff can be kept there. Any person who is designing his cooking area this is the main thing which he has to consider first. The path to cooking success is using high tech quality kitchen appliances in the kitchen area. Any person can get them from Canada warehouse, they provide their customers with latest High quality equipment. Redesigning your kitchen area or changing your home is very difficult job; this job can become very easy if the person knows beforehand what appliances have to be installed. Out of the wide range of appliances available in the market, one can choose those appliances which best their needs and requirements.

Why Is My Kitchen Flooring Idea Very Important

The kitchen is the most-used room in your house every day. It where you are busy the most and this call for an excellent flooring that is durable and is easy to clean. Durability and ease of cleaning are the two top criteria of choosing the best kitchen flooring material and design. Choosing the right floor is always a daunting decision. A process combines your personal taste and practical careful thinking. It finally comes down to a personal choice.

Always regard your kitchen area as very important. The floor surface really matters and the flooring you choose has a direct effect on every element of your design such as colors, textures and dcor. Remember your kitchen is a traffic area and much of activity goes on. You need something smooth and durable.

What Are The Possible Flooring Surfaces For My Kitchen?

Do you want to change the flooring surface for your kitchen? Are you changing the looks for your kitchen? Replacing the material for your kitchen floor is definitely the only easy way of improving the looks around your kitchen. There are wide ranges of flooring options that you can choose from during the selection process. Remember you need something that is easy to clean and durable.

Stone or tile Flooring- This is excellent flooring for your kitchen since it is recommended for heavy traffic areas. A ceramic tile is usually durable and is available in assorted colors and styles with distinctive option of decorating the borders and designs. It is a perfect option for your Kitchen Flooring.

Limestone Flooring- Limestone is no doubt a natural stone that offers an old World look. Since it is a porous material, it must be sealed upon installation and twice a year. It is also durable.

Cork Flooring- This is the most durable and versatile material that is available in a variety of designs and colors. It is water resistant and reduces high-pitched sounds. Printed Cork flooring is the best for Kitchen Flooring due to durability and ease of cleaning.

Hardwood Flooring- Most Kitchen Flooring is made from this. It is very popular on kitchen floors due to durability and is excellent flooring on high-traffic areas. It is comfortable and creates a warm look.

Vinyl or resilient Flooring- This type of flooring provides a variety of styles, designs, and colors for tiles, and is good for you if you are on budget.

If you are considering a kitchen floor that is beautiful, attractive, easy to clean, and durable, then you pick the printed cork flooring. It is smooth and well designed to match with any looks in the other rooms. Your kitchen is where all the food in your home is prepared and can get dirt very fast due to falling foodstuffs and peelings. You,therefore, require a floor that is easy to wipe and can dry very fast. A dry floor is a comfortable ground to stand.

Printed cork flooring is a leading kitchen flooring technique in most homes around the world. It is easy to clean and reduces dust allergies meaning it is safe. Hardwood floors are very natural and eco-friendly. Make an order for them and you will be surprised by vast benefits that come with cork. It is a perfect choice for your kitchen floor.